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WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WEATHER AND CLIMATE?

Keep monthly graphs of weather conditions in your locale.
Averages may be kept on a table. After several months, you
will be able to make some judgments about trends in weather
conditions.

Recall what the weather was like during the same periods of
time in previous years to see if you can determine some sort
of pattern. If you do not remember, your local newspaper has
all of that stuff, and will share with you.

Similar weather conditions over long periods of time are
called climate.

If graphs of data are kept over an extended period of time,
you will amass a great deal of data to help you determine
climatic conditions in your area.

Is the question answered adequately?

The encyclopedia defines "climate" as "average weather con-
ditions in an area over a long period of time, taking into
account temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind, atmos-
pheric pressure, and other phenomena. The major factor
governing climate is latitude; this is modified by one or
more secondary factors including position relative to land
and water masses, altitude, ocean currents, topography,
prevailing winds, and prevalence of cyclonic storms. The
earth is divided into climatic zones based on average yearly
temperature and average yearly precipitation. The study of
climate is called 'climatology'."

Based on the secondary factors stated, it appears as though
climate is still an extremely uncertain issue. What kinds of
differences could the above-listed secondary factors make?

Find maps showing the principal climatic conditions found in
various countries of the world. What factors may cause these
conditions?

For instance, you can use your knowledge of wind systems and
precipitation to explain the climate of certain geographic
regions.

How might these conditions affect people? Are some kinds of
climatic conditions easier to endure? If people could choose
exactly where they would live, what factors would enter into
their decisions?

Make a list of things you consider "absolutely necessary to
sustain human life," and list the places on earth where those
items could all be found. If you could go there to live,
what adjustments would have to be made relative to your
current living conditions?

In Nome, Alaska, you could live in an igloo and wear sealskin
parkas, but you could not grow rice. With that kind of
reasoning, make determinatsions about the places you have
listed.


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